Perhaps the most popular piece of Pilates equipment, the Reformer has a bed-like frame with a platform on it, called the ‘carriage', which rolls back and forth on wheels within the frame. The carriage is attached to one end of the Reformer by a set of springs that provide unlimited choices of resistance as the carriage is pushed or pulled along the frame. The adjustable carriage has shoulder blocks on it that keep clients from sliding off the end of the Reformer while performing exercises. Clients can sit, lie, or stand on the Reformer or on the floor, push the foot bar with feet, or hold onto it with their hands. Ropes with straps are also attached to the back end of the Reformer by pulleys, enabling clients to perform a multitude of exercises with their feet or hands in the straps. Exercises on the Reformer are ideal for yogis, golfers, runners, equestrians, tennis players, and clients looking to increase mobility and strength.
Designed to stretch and strengthen muscle groups not easily reached, the Chair consists of a seat and foot pedal where springs are attached. Clients can sit, lie, or stand on the Chair or on the floor, and push the foot pedal with their hands or feet. Like the Reformer, Chair exercises focus on core strength, leg strength, shoulder girdle stability and mobility, and functional movements such as standing, climbing, pushing, and lifting. Again, exercises on the Chair are ideal for clients seeking to increase power and mobility. Likewise, the Chair is also perfect for serving those who are unable to lie supine (on their backs), such as pregnant women or those with biomechanical issues.